People in the United States may sponsor members of their families who want to come to the country and can grant them family sponsorship. Under the Immigration and Nationality Act, foreign nationals with family ties to a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident may apply for asylum in the United States.
Who will be qualified for Family Sponsorship?
You may be eligible for a U.S. Green Card via a family-based petition if you have relatives who are either U.S. citizens or permanent residents in the United States (also known as Lawful Permanent Resident or LPR). Some members of your family may be able to help you get a Green Card via sponsorship or petition.
Steps for Application of Family Sponsorship
To successfully sponsor a family member, a U.S. Lawful Permanent Resident must complete a set of procedures. These are the names of them:
- Filing the petition
To commence the family sponsorship procedure, the U.S. LPR family member must submit a visa petition on USCIS Form I-130 to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services together with supporting documentation (USCIS). The LRP is required to demonstrate the existence of a genuine familial connection.
- The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Make a Decision
Officers at USCIS will evaluate whether or not to grant or reject the petition after it has been sent to them. Following review and approval, the case file will be sent to the National Visa Center. However, if it’s rejected, the petitioner may go back and make any necessary modifications to promote acceptance before filing a new one. Upon approval, USCIS will forward the case file of the immigrant to the National Visa Center (NVC).
- Optional Relatives Wait for Visas to Become Available
Only if the petitioner was a member of the Family Preference group would this step be taken. Non-immediate relatives cannot apply for a Green Card straight away since the number of Green Cards that may be granted each year is limited. In this way, the immigrant enters a queue and has to wait for at least a year before finding out whether they have been approved.
- Immigrant submits a visa or green card application.
Upon approval of the petition, and the issuance of a visa, the immigrant, may next apply for permanent resident status. This is typically accomplished by submitting an immigrant visa application at a U.S. consulate abroad and then applying for a Green Card after the immigrant has arrived in the United States. It will be necessary for the immigrant to fill out numerous paperwork, submit documentation, and go through medical testing as part of the subsequent “consular processing” procedure.
Wrapping it up!
Family sponsorship seems simple on the surface, but there are many exceptions and nuances to be aware of. It is highly recommended to contact an expert legal counsel who understands how to properly prepare successful family sponsorship applications rather than taking the chance of your efforts being denied because of an omission on a document or an ineligible situation.